出國留學網

目錄

2021考研英語:新題型練習題解析(4)

字典 |

2020-01-09 17:52

|

【 liuxue86.com - 考研英語 】

  考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:新題型練習題解析(4)”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!

  2021考研英語:新題型練習題解析(4)

  Part B

  Directions:

  The following paragraph are given in a wrong order. For Questions 41-45, you are required to reorganize these paragraphs int0 a coherent text by choosing from the list A-G to filling them int0 the numbered boxes. Paragraphs E and G have been correctly placed. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Long before Man lived on the Earth, there were fishes, reptiles,birds, insects, and some mammals. Although some oftheseanimals were ancestors of kinds living today, others are now extinct, that is,they have no descendants alive now. 41. Very occasionally the rocks showimpression of skin, so that, apart from color, we can build up a reasonablyaccurate picture of an animal that died millions of years ago. The kind of rockin which the remains are found tells us much about the nature of the originalland, often of the plants that grew on it, and even of its climate.

  42. . Nearly all of the fossils that we know were preserved in rocksformed by water action, and most of these are of animals that lived in or nearwater. Thus it follows that there must be many kinds of mammals, birds, andinsects, of which we know nothing.

  43. . There were also crab-like creatures, whose bodies were coveredwith a horny substance. The body segments each had two pairs of legs, one pairfor walking on the sandy bottom, the other for swimming. The head was a kind ofshield with a pair of compound eyes, often with thousands of lenses. They wereusually an inch or two long but some were 2 feet.

  44. . Of these, the ammonites are very interesting and important.They have a shell composed of many chambers, each representing a temporary homeof the animal. As the young grew larger it grew a new chamber and sealed offthe previous one. Thousands of these can be seen in the rocks on the DorsetCoast.

  45. .About 75 million years ago the Age of Reptiles was over andmost of the groups died out. The mammals quickly developed, and we can tracethe evolution of many familiar animals such as the elephant and horse. Many ofthe later mammals, though now extinct, were known to primitive man and werefeatured by him in cave paintings and on bone carvings.

  [A] The shell gush have a long history in the rock and many differentkinds are known.

  [B] Nevertheless, we know a great deal about many of them because theirbones and shells have been preserved in the rocks as fossils. From them we cantell their size and shape, how they walked, the kind of food they ate.

  [C] The first animals with true backbones were the fishes, first knownin the rocks of 375 million years ago. About 300 million years ago theamphibians, the animals able to live both on land and in water, appeared. Theywere giant, sometimes 8 feet long, and many of them lived in the swampy poolsin which our coal seam, or layer, or formed. The amphibians gave rise to thereptiles and for nearly 150 million years these were the principal forms oflife on land, in the sea, and in the air.

  [D] The best index fossils tend to be marine creatures. These animalsevolved rapidly and spread over large areas of the world.

  [E] The earliest animals whose remains have been found were all verysimple kinds and lived in the sea. Later forms are more complex, and amongthese are the sea?lilies, relations of the star?fishes, which had long armsand were attached by a long stalk to the sea bed, or to rocks.

  [F] When an animal dies the body, its bones, or shell, may often becarried away by streams into lakes or the sea and there get covered up by mud.If the animal lived in the sea its body would probably sink and be covered withmud. More and more mud would fall upon it until the bones or shell becomeembedded and preserved.

  [G] Many factors can influence how fossils are preserved in rocks.Remains of an organism may be replaced by minerals, dissolved by an acidicsolution to leave only their impression, or simply reduced to a more stableform.

  41.【解析】選[B]。本題主要經過句組關系的理解來解答。跳過空格閱讀第一段可以看出,本段主要講述了史前動物的存在(第一句)、部分種類的滅絕(空格前第二句,句中they have no descendants alive now是對extinct一詞的解釋)以及從化石(rocksas fossils)中我們所能發現的數百萬年前就死掉了的動物的精確印記(空格后第一句)和當時的地貌及氣候特征(空格后第二句)。由此,我們就看到了空格前后兩個句組所敘述內容之間的矛盾和內容上的不足:1)既然已經"滅絕",怎么還能了解有關的這一切呢?說明空格前的句子與其空格所在的句子之間具有轉折關系。2)空格后第一句中the rocks指的又是什么石頭呢?需要在前有所提及,即正確選項中應包含有rock這個詞。能夠同時滿足這兩個條件的只有選項[B]。[A]、[E]、[G]中也提到了rock,但在句際關系上與前后句組不相吻合,故不正確。所以正確答案只能是[B]。

  42.【解析】選[F]。文章第一段說明了化石是我們研究史前動物的主要依據,而本段則主要說明了這些化石的形成??崭窈?quot;幾乎我們所知的所有化石都是在由于水作用而形成的巖石中保存下來的 (Nearly all of the fossils that we know were preserved in rocksformed by water action) "一句是一個結論性表述,之前應有"水作用形成的巖石(rocks formed by water action)"這一過程的細節描述。[F]的內容正好說明死去動物的尸體是如何被水和泥沙保存下來的,與此恰相吻合,所以選[F]。此題極易錯選[G],因為[G]一開始就有how fossils are preserved,后面又出現了impression一詞,在用詞上出現明顯的復現現象。 但是[G]后面講的是動物遺體上的有機組織"organism"可能轉化成的幾種形式,這與下文的內容不相吻合,故不選[G]。

  43.【解析】選[E]。本題選擇的線索有兩條:1)空格后有"There were also crab?like creatures……",說明空白處應有關于另一類動物的內容2) 從本段開始,文章轉向討論由低級向高級進化中的動物。[E]開始的部分是"The earliest animals whose remains have been found……",符合文章寫作的順序。[B]與上文相符,但與下文不符,且與全文結構不相吻合。

  44.【解析】選[A]。從上一段和本段的 "段際關系"來看,兩段屬于順接關系,即兩段在相繼描述兩種不同層級、不同種類的史前動物。從段落結構上來看,兩段的開頭句都是其主題句,下文接著展開進行細節描述。特別是本段空格后的Of these, ……,標志著空格后一句是空格所在句的拓展句。既然下文一開始就有Of these, ……,空白部分就應該有"some,several,many"或類似的詞再者,此段中關于the ammonites(總類中的一種,考生不知道其確切含義)的描述,主要闡述了其shell的構造,由此說明shell是其主要特征,故在 "總類"的描述(即空缺句)中應該含有shell一詞,這就不難判斷答案只能是[A]了。

  45.【解析】選[C]。此空獨立成段,所以只能從段際關系來分析。因為前兩段描述了史前動物由低級向高級的進化過程,而此段后就是結尾段,因此此段然要起"承上啟下"的作用。所謂 "承上",是指要對上文進行一定的概括、總結所謂 "啟下"則是要引出下文。下文中的"reptile"在本題空白處前面的文章中從沒有提到,在下文中又沒有作為新信息,因而作為正確答案的選項中一定有這個詞。[C]從375 million years ago的化石的發現到300 million years ago的化石的發現,以及此后nearly 150 million years內the reptiles的存在,不但對史前動物的進化過程做了很好的概括,而且為下文the Age of Reptile的出現打下了伏筆,是一個很好的"承上啟下"的過渡段,所以正確答案只能是[C]。

  2021考研英語:攻克翻譯題型的兩步法

  一、每天仍需保證要進行翻譯練習

  雖然不一定需要每天翻譯一年的,但是至少要保證一直持續練習的狀態。還沒有分析完的同學,可以繼續分析。如果已經復習過一遍,可以回看復習之前總結過的句子,從字詞句各方面多方面清查遺漏忘卻的知識點,定會發現還有內容是自己沒有掌握的?,F在就翻譯的步驟來總結如何翻譯收獲最大。

  很多同學在做翻譯的時候,基本是在"看"翻譯,看到一句話,在頭腦中思考一遍,想出大概的翻譯內容,然后就直接對照答案了,殊不知這種方式是很難進步的,翻譯是一定要落實到筆頭的,只有寫出來才能發現自己的問題出在哪里。而且只"看"翻譯會給學生造成虛假的印象,認為自己差不多都能翻譯出來,但實際上如果落實到筆頭就會發現很多語句并不通順,所以建議考生,如果想在翻譯上有進步,一定要踏踏實實的寫下來,不要怕費時間。

  二、建議實行四部翻譯法,幫祝你快速提高翻譯

  第一步,在不借助任何詞典的情況下根據自己的理解翻譯一遍第二步,對自己的第一遍譯文進行修改,從詞語搭配到句子通順、邏輯方面都要進行修改。第三步,查出生詞,并且再根據自己對翻譯新的理解寫出一遍翻譯并進行潤色。最后一步,對照答案,找出自己的譯文與標準答案的區別,并寫出為何譯文要這樣翻譯,這樣翻譯有什么優點,而自己的譯文差在哪里,以后要如何注意。只有過一步步的不斷修改,才能在這個漸進的過程中得到進步。真正認認真真弄懂一道題,比模模糊糊做完10道題收獲更大。

  2021考研英語:新題型的做題方法

  一、概念解讀

  新題型又稱段落大意題,新題型的解答需要理解文章的段落大意??佳杏⒄Z新題型是一種以快速閱讀為完成條件的閱讀類題型補充。包括選詞填句題、排序題和小標題選擇題三種題型,??嫉臑榍皟煞N。

  二、考察類型

  7選5填空:是一種特殊的完型填空,把一篇文章的5個地方挖空,要求根據文章內容從給出的7段文字中選出正確的填到空白處,使語義對應,上下流暢。

  5選5排序:將一篇文章原有順序打亂,分為7-8個部分,要求考生根據文章內容將所列段落重新排序,其中有2-3段的位置已經給出,填剩下5個。

  6選5標題:一篇文章給出6-7個概括句或小標題,這些文字或標題分別對應文中某一部分,要求考生從中選出5個標題填入文章空白處。

  新題型雖然分很多種類型,具體的考法也不一樣,但是它們的考核目的是一樣的,都是考察考生對連貫性、一致性等語段特征以及文章結構的理解,要求考生從整體上而不是細節上把握文章的內容。

  三、做題步驟

  (1)完形填句:

  第一,通讀文章首段,迅速得知文章的大意。

  第二,通讀選項,在每個選項下標出該選項的大致意思,一遍做題時能迅速找到所需選項。

  第三,根據各個空白處的所在位置,分析空白處的上下文,過邏輯關系和語意內容分辨出選項分別屬于文章那個部分,并嘗試與空白處的上下文有機的銜接起來,選出正確答案。第四,將所選選項帶回原文,檢查連貫性。

  (2)排序題:

  第一,通讀文章首段,大致了解文章的主旨,如果首段沒有確定,則應過閱讀個選項先確定首段。

  第二,迅速瀏覽各個選項,重點閱讀各段首末句,概括出各個選項的大意,從而明確整個文章大致內容,了解各個選項之間的內在邏輯關系。

  第三,根據各個段落的邏輯關系給選項排序。第四,把文章按所選的順序帶進文章,檢查段落順序是否合理。

  (3)小標題選擇題

  第一,先通讀各個選項,從選項中推斷出相關段落的大致內容。

  第二,細讀所考段落,抓住每個主題句和重要詞匯,正確答案常常是主題句的改寫。

  第三,將從段落中提煉的主題句和選項對比,選出答案。

  推薦閱讀:

  2021考研英語:新題型之小標題解析

  2021考研英語:新題型的解題規律(二)

  2021考研英語:新題型的技巧解答


考研英語大綱 考研英語詞匯 英語作文萬能句子 考研英語真題 考研英語作文 考研復試英語

  想了解更多考研英語網的資訊,請訪問: 考研英語

本文來源:http://www.oqsxbf.live/a/3971270.html
考研院校庫(挑大學·選專業)
院校搜索
專業查詢
延伸閱讀
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:作文諺語的復習(三)”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語:
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:作文諺語的復習(六)”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語:
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:作文諺語的復習(九)”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語:
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:小作文四個特點”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊! 2021考研
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語復習:賓語翻譯技巧”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語復習:
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:新題型之小標題解析”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語:新
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:新題型奧秘解讀(一)”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語:
2019-10-28
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:新題型的技巧解答”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語:新題
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:新題型的解題規律(二)”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語
2020-01-09
考研英語有許多題目組成,方便大家及時了解,下面由出國留學網小編為你精心準備了“2021考研英語:翻譯4大練習技巧”,持續關注本站將可以持續獲取更多的考試資訊!2021考研英語:翻譯
2020-01-02
b北京赛车pk10视频